USE AS MANY OF THESE WORDS AS POSSIBLE WHEN YOU ARE ANSWERING QUESTIONS ON THE UNSEEN AS WELL AS THE SEEN POETRY QUESTIONS.
Title: Consider the relevance of the title in relation to the overall theme(s) of the poem(s).
Theme: What is the poem about? There can be multiple themes in any poem.
Tone: Voice of the poet. Is he/she happy, sad, etc?
Atmosphere/Mood: Feelings created in the poem e.g. a sombre mood, a happy mood, etc.
Images: Pictures created in your mind while reading the poem. The poet creates these images through the words he/she uses.
Adjectives: Descriptive words in the poem.
Metaphor: Used to create an image. Portrays something as something else, e.g. “The girl is a flower.”
Simile: Also used to create an image, portrays something as being like something else, e.g. “The girl is like a flower.”
Personification: This occurs when something is given a human quality, e.g. “The tree was dancing in the wind.”
Alliteration: Same sound, beginning of words in the same sentence.
Sibilance: Words in the same sentence beginning with a “s” sound.
Assonance: Words in the same sentence with long vowel sounds. Used to create a sad/mournful tone.
Onomatopoeia: The sound of the word is the same as its meaning.
Cacophony: Occurs when a port uses a harsh mixture of consonants to produce an unpleasant sound. Often used to reflect an unpleasant scene.
Run-on-lines: Occurs when there are no full stops between sentences. Usually used to create an excited tone.
Hyperbole: Occurs where a poet uses exaggeration to create an image or to make a point.
Verses: May also be referred to as stanzas.
Ode: A poem in praise of something.
Lament/Elegy: A poem mourning the loss of someone/something.
Sonnet: A poem divided into an eight line descriptive Octet and a six line reflective Sestet.
Satire: A poem that humorously highlights a serious issue.
Neologism: Occurs when a poet makes up a word.